The I.D.E.A.L. Methodology

Every coach is taught to build skills in the same way, every time. Repetition helps with retention, and gives players a readiness mindset.

How can I achieve this?

> Introduce the skill

> Demonstrate the skill

> Explore the skill

> Ask Questions

> Live Situations


Here is the step-by-step process we use when teaching or refining a skill in basketball. It’s an I.D.E.A.L way to teach, process, and incorporate a skill into any youth player’s skill set.

STEP 1: Introduce the skill
When introducing youth to a new skill, let them know what the skill is called and how/why it should be used when playing in the game.

STEP 2: Demonstrate the skill
Once you have introduced the skill, demonstrate it using visual aids or hands-on demonstration and point out the critical teaching points. Teaching points are the elements to remember when learning any skill. Emphasize the teaching points so each player can visualize the correct mechanics.

STEP 3: Explore the skill
Let the player begin exploring and processing the skill at their own pace. When working with an individual give them praise and descriptive feedback to emphasize the important teaching points. During the exploration step mistakes are going to happen. Don’t stop them after every mistake, but if a mistake is repeated multiple times then allow the skill to be reintroduced and demonstrate again.

STEP 4: Ask Questions
To further develop your player’s comprehension of the skill, be to sure to ask them leading questions. For example, a coach can ask an individual player or a group of players “What did you see?” or “Describe what happened?.” When coaches do this they are helping the player express their experience and interpret the situation so they ultimately understand why a decision was made. Don’t forget, asking questions is a two way street.

STEP 5: Live Situations
By the time a player reaches the live situation step, they can begin actively using the skill they’ve learned. The coach can recreate “game situations” to incorporate the skill, giving the player a sense of what the skill will feel like during a game.

How will this help me as a coach?

Skill building is an essential element to each players development and improvement. By using the I.D.E.A.L. Methodology we learn how to coach in a progressive, constructive, consistent and easy to understand way so the players are learning the skills.